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Wedding in Islam
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Wedding in Islam

by Mir Mohammed Assadullah

Spouses:

Allah, most Gracious says about spouses in Quran:

Among His signs is [the fact] that He has created spouses for you
among yourselves so that you may dwell in tranquillity with them, and
He has planted love and mercy between you; In that are signs for
people who reflect. Qur'an [30 : 21]

He has planted affection and mercy between you. Qur'an [30: 12] and
says: They are a garment for you and you are a garment to them.
Qur'an [2 : 187]
Consider this in conjunction with the following verse:
The best garment is the garment of God-consciousness Qur'an [7 : 26]
It requires that a husband and wife should be as garments for each
other. Just as garments are for protection, comfort, show and
concealment for human beings, Allah expects husbands and wives to be
for one another.

And the believers, men and women, are protecting friends of one
another; they enjoin the right and forbid the wrong, and they
establish worship and they pay the poor-due, and they obey Allah and
His messenger; as for those, Allah will have mercy on them; Lo! Allah
is Mighty, Wise. Allah hath promised to believers - men and women -
gardens underwhich rivers flow, to dwell therein, and beautiful
mansions in gardens of everlasting bliss; but the greatest bliss is
the good pleasure of Allah: This is the supreme felicity. Qur'an [9 :
71 - 72]

Whom to marry: 
Allah also gives us freedom and urges us to: ...Marry the women of
your choice... Qur'an [4 : 3]

Similarly, for the women:
"A girl came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and informed him that
her father had married her to her cousin against her wishes,
whereupon the Prophet allowed her to exercise her choice. She then
said, 'I am reconciled to what my father did but I wanted to make it
known to women that fathers have no say in this matter'". - Hadith
narrated by Ibn Majah

Narrated Abdullah: "We were with the Prophet, peace be upon him,
while we were young and had no wealth whatever. So Allah's Apostle,
peace be upon him, said, `O young people! Whoever among you can
marry, should marry, because it helps him lower his gaze and guard
his modesty, and whoever is not able to marry, should fast, as
fasting diminishes his sexual power.'"

Narrated Abu Huraira: "The Prophet, peace be upon him, said, `A woman
is married for four things, i.e., her wealth, her family status, her
beauty, and her religion. So you should marry the religious woman
[otherwise] you will be a loser.'"

Mahr:
Mahr is the gift that is given by the husband to his wife at wedding.
It can be anything in any amount, as agreed by the bride and bride-
groom. Allah says about Mahr in the Chapter `Woman' in Quran:
And give the women (on marriage) their Mahr as a free gift. Qur'an
[4 : 4] If you had given the latter a cantar (of gold i.e. a great
amount) for dower (Mahr) take not the least bit of it back ... Qur'an
[4 : 20]

Narrated Sahl bin Sa`d: "The Prophet, peace be upon him, said to a
man, `Marry, even with (a Mahr equal to) an iron ring.'"

Sex: 
Sex is seen as an act of procreation. An eye for the what is about to
come is kept open in this respect as well. The following prayer
reminds us of God, results of our actions and reminds us of our
commitment to train our offspring.

Narrated Ibn Abbas: "The Prophet, peace be upon him, said, `If anyone
of you, when having a sexual intercourse with his wife says:
In the name of Allah! O Allah! Protect me from Satan and protect what
you bestow upon us (i.e. an offspring) from Satan. and if it is
destined that they should have a child, then Satan will never be able
to harm him.'"

Walima: 
Walima is the wedding reception given to friends and family after the
consummation of marriage. It is given by the husband on this
auspicious occassion, showing his happiness and sharing it with the
friends and family.

Abdur Rahman bin Auf said, "The Prophet, peace be upon him, said to
me, `Give a wedding banquet, even with one sheep.'"

Narrated Abu Musa: "The Prophet, peace be upon him, said, `Set the
captives free, accept the invitation (including to a wedding
banquet), and pay a visit to the patients.'"

By this saying of the Prophet, peace be upon him, it is also enjoined
upon us to join in the happiness of our brothers.

Duties and Rights of Husband and Wife after marriage:

Allah informs us about the just rights of each other on us:
But, in accordance with justice, the wife's rights (with regard to
their husbands) are equal to the (husband's) rights with regard to
them, although men are a degree above them; and Allah is Almighty,
Wise. Qur'an [2 : 228]

The statement that men are a degree above women means that authority
within the household has been give to the husband in preference to
the wife because a heavier burden has been placed on his shoulders by
another verse of the Quran which says:
Men shall take full care of women, because Allah has given the one
more strength than the other, and because they support them from
their means. Qur'an [4 : 34]

Advices to Husbands:
Jabir Narrated that the Prophet, peace be upon him, gave these
instructions in his sermon during Farewell Pilgrimage: "Fear God
regarding women; for you have taken them [in marriage] with the trust
of God." [Mishkat]

Narrated Aisha, God's messenger said: "Among the believers who show
most perfect faith are those who have the best disposition, and are
kindest to their families." [Tirmidhi]

Narrated Abu Huraira, God's messenger said: "The believers who show
the most perfect faith are those who have the best disposition and
the best of you are those who are best to their wives." [Tirmidhi]

Aisha has related that the Holy Prophet, peace be upon him, would
enter the house with a pleasing disposition and a smile on his lips.
[Uswa-i-Hasana]

Narrated Al-Aswad: "I asked Aisha, `What did the Prophet, peace be
upon him, do at home?' She said, `He used to work for his family and
when he heard the call for the prayer, he would go out.'" [Bukhari]

Narrated Abu Huraira: "Allah's Apostle, peace be upon him, said, `The
woman is like a rib; if you try to straighten her, she will break. So
if you want to get benefit from her, do so while she still has some
bent.'" [Bukhari]

Narrated Abu Huraira: "The Prophet, peace be upon him, said, `Whoever
believes in Allah and the Last Day should not hurt (trouble) his
neighbor. And I advise you to take care of women, for they are
created from a rib and the most crooked portion of the rib is its
upper part; if you try to straighten it, it will break, and if you
leave it, it will reamin crooked, so I urge you to take care of
women. [Bukhari]

Narrated Abdullah bin Amr bin Al-As: "Allah's Apostle, peace be upon
him, said, `O Abdullah! Have I not been informed that you fast all
the day and stand in prayer all night?' I said, `Yes, O Allah's
Apostle!' He said, `Do not do that! Observe the fast sometimes and
also leave them at other times; stand up for the prayer at night and
also sleep at night. Your body has a right over you and your wife has
a right over you.'" [Bukhari]

Narrated Ibn Umar: "The Prophet, peace be upon him, said, `All of you
are guardians and are responsible for your wards. The ruler is a
guardian and the man is a guardian of his family; the lady is a
guardian who is responsible for her husband's house and his
offspring; and so all of you are guardians and are responsible for
your wards.'"

Men should forbear any shortcomings of women in view of the following
verse of Quran:
Live with them in kindness; even if you dislike them, perhaps you
dislike something in which God has place much good. Qur'an [4 : 19]

Advices to Wives:
Anas reported God's messenger as saying, "When a woman observes the
five times of prayer, fasts during Ramadan, preserves her chastity
and obeys her husband, she may enter by any of the gates of paradise
she wishes (in other words nothing will prevent her from entering
paradise)." [Mishkat]

Um Salma reported God's messenger as saying, "Any woman who dies when
her husband is pleased with her will enter Paradise." [Tirmidhi]
Abu Huraira told that when God's messenger was asked which woman was
best, he replied, "The one who fills [her husband] with joy when he
sees her, obeys him when he directs and does not oppose him by
displeasing him regarding her person or property." [Mishkat]

Providing for wife and family: 
Quran teaches us to be reasonable and fair to our wives and family.
House women wherever you reside, accoding to your circumstances, and
do not harass them in order to make life difficult for them. Qur'an
[65 : 6]
The statement of Allah in the chapter `Woman':
`Men are protectors and maintainers of women.' Qur'an [4 : 34]
Bukhari quotes the following verse under the heading: .. the
superiority of providing for one's family: (O Mohammed!) They ask you
what they ought to spend. Say: That which is beyond your needs. Thus
Allah make clear to you His Signs in order that you may give thought
(to it) in this worldly life and the Hereafter. Qur'an [2 : 219-220]
Narrated Abu Masud Al-Ansari: "The Prophet, peace be upon him, said,
`When a Muslim spends something on his family intending to receive
Allah's reward, it is regarded as Sadqa (spending in the name of God)
for him.'"

We should always remember that Allah is the one who gives us, we are
mere trustees of the funds.

Narrated Abu Huraira: "Allah's Apostle, peace be upon him, said,
`Allah said, O the son of Adam! Spend, and I shall spend on you.'"

Narrated Abu Huraira: "Allah's Apostle, peace be upon him, said, `The
best alms is that which you give when you are rich, and you should
support your dependants first.'" [Bukhari]

Abu Huraira reported God's messenger, peace be upon him, as
saying: "Of the dinar (unit of currency) that you spend as a
contribution in God's path, or to set free a slave, or as charity
given to a needy, or to support your family, the one yielding the
greatest reward is that which you spent on your family. [Muslim]